Ear surgery typically serves two functions: setting prominent ears back closer to the head, and reducing the size of large ears. Surgery may also be helpful for “lop ear,” “cupped ear” and “shell ear,” large or stretched earlobes, and lobes with large creases and wrinkles. Surgeons are also able to construct new ears for patients who are missing them from injury or other causes.
Although surgery for adults is available, the operation is most often performed on children aged four to 14, as ears are almost fully grown by age four, and early surgery can prevent a child from being teased in school. General anesthesia is recommended for very young patients, while local anesthesia and a sedative are used for older children and adults.